Home History The ‘Swedish K’ Submachine Gun: A Favorite of US Special Forces

The ‘Swedish K’ Submachine Gun: A Favorite of US Special Forces

by Enochadmin

In early 1969, Reconnaissance Crew Illinois of the Research and Observations Group, an elite covert operations unit, encountered North Vietnamese Military troopers whereas on a battle harm evaluation mission in northeast Cambodia. Because the SOG staff retreated to its extraction touchdown zone, Sgts. George Bacon and Newman Ruff laid down suppressing hearth. Every time Bacon stopped firing his CAR-15 carbine, the NVA rushed ahead and had been shot by Ruff’s sound-suppressed Karl Gustav submachine gun. Not sure of the shooter’s location, the North Vietnamese held again, which enabled the staff to flee.

Generally often called the “Swedish Ok,” the Karl Gustav m/45 was created by weapons designer Gunnar Johnsson for the state-run Karl Gustav rifle manufacturing facility. The gun entered service in 1945 — thus the “45” in its designation. It included options from a number of World Warfare II-era submachine weapons to supply the Swedish military with a sturdy and easy-to-use computerized infantry weapon. It was low-cost to fabricate with a easy, no-frills design restricted to firing solely in computerized. It employed a straight blowback firing system with a hard and fast firing pin.

The Gustav had a low cyclical firing fee, the variety of rounds fired if you happen to held the set off for a full minute, which decreased the recoil and made the gun simple to regulate. Troopers might hearth single pictures by releasing the set off earlier than the second spherical engaged. The Gustav fired over an open bolt to facilitate cooling. Sliding the cocking deal with into a brief side-slot above the principle (lock) slot or inserting a detachable cowl over the ejection port put the Gustav in security mode. The Gustav had an progressive straight two-row 36-round field journal with a tapered feed that every one however prevented jamming.

The Gustav’s compactness and reliability made it standard with SOG and different U.S. particular operations items. The SEALs beloved the gun’s skill to fireplace instantly upon breaking the water’s floor. American forces usually added sound suppressors and eliminated all markings so the weapon’s origins couldn’t be traced to rather a lot bought by the U.S. The CAR-15 carbine started to switch the Gustav in 1966. Retired from U.S. service by 1972, it was utilized by Sweden’s House Guard till the late Eighties.

This text appeared within the December 2020 problem of Vietnam journal.

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