Info, data and articles about Queen Elizabeth II, the monarch of the UK from 1952 to 2022.
Queen Elizabeth II, or Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of the Home of Windsor, was the reigning monarch of the UK and the pinnacle of the Commonwealth. She was the longest-serving monarch in British historical past, having served for practically 70 years. She had presided over a few of the momentous modifications in her nation’s historical past, together with the tip of the British empire, various royal scandals, a number of wars, and the U.Ok. becoming a member of the European Union after which leaving it after the Brexit referendum.
Her 70-year reign was the longest of any British monarch and the second-longest on the planet after King Louis XIV, who took the French throne in 1643 at age 5 and dominated for 72 years.
April 21, 1926, London, England
Sept. 8, 2022, Balmoral, Scotland
Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the UK of Nice Britain and Northern Eire and of Her different Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Religion.
COuntries The place She Was Head of State
Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and the UK.
King Charles III
Associated Tales & Content material
Queen Elizabeth II’s Early Life
Princess Elizabeth of York was born in 1926 in the course of the reign of George V. Her father was the Prince Albert, the Duke of York, the second in line to the throne. Thus Elizabeth was not extensively anticipated to imagine the throne — her uncle, Edward, Prince of Wales, was the inheritor obvious, and her personal father confirmed little inclination for public life. Elizabeth’s mom was Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon, the youngest daughter of an earl, who was married to Prince “Bertie” in a love match. Elizabeth’s sister, Margaret, was born in 1930.
In 1936, George V died and Prince Albert turned King Edward VIII.
The household’s hopes for a comparatively quiet life had been dashed later that very same 12 months, nonetheless, when Edward VIII’s affair with American socialite Wallis Simpson provoked a constitutional disaster. Edward abdicated on Dec. 10, 1936, and Prince Albert turned King George VI. Princess Elizabeth turned the primary in line to the British throne. George VI proved to be a succesful chief throughout World Struggle II, boosting morale and appearing an emblem of British dedication to defeat Nazi Germany.
In the course of the struggle, Princess Elizabeth took half in public occasions to assist the struggle effort, famously together with coaching as a driver and mechanic for the Auxiliary Territorial Service at age 19. She earned the equal of the rank of captain.
On Nov. 20, 1947, Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. Their first baby, Prince Charles, was born Nov. 14, 1948.
Coronation ANd Early Reign
In February 1952, King George VI died whereas Elizabeth and Philip had been on tour in Kenya. Princess Elizabeth instantly flew again to London. On April 9, 1952, on the suggestion of Prime Minister Winston Churchill and her grandmother, Elizabeth introduced that the title of the royal household can be the Home of Windsor. She was formally topped Queen Elizabeth II on June 2, 1953, at Westminster Abbey.
After World Struggle II, the British empire started formally dissolving, and a number of other British colonies left the Commonwealth, and the group struck “British” from its official title. As a part of her Christmas speech in 1953, Queen Elizabeth mentioned she envisioned a brand new position for the group, “a completely new conception — constructed on the very best qualities of the spirit of man: friendship, loyalty and the will for freedom and peace.”
In the course of the early a long time of Queen Elizabeth’s rule, the royal household endured a sequence of private scandals because the royals began to grow to be seen as honest targets of media consideration. Princess Margaret’s life and failed marriages had been frequent tabloid fodder, as was her husband’s infamously blunt tongue. In some ways, Queen Elizabeth II is arguably historical past’s longest-serving celeb.
In July 29, 1981, Prince Charles married Girl Diana Spencer in a lavish marriage ceremony that created a worldwide media frenzy. Princess Diana rapidly proved a preferred royal, however the Princess Di fandom later proved to have penalties for Queen Elizabeth.
In 1982, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ship British troops to a British island off Argentina within the Falkland Islands Struggle. Elizabeth’s son, Prince Andrew, served as a navy helicopter pilot. That very same 12 months, an intruder broke into Buckingham Palace and managed to get into the queen’s bed room, the place she saved him busy in dialog till safety may apprehend him.
In the meantime, as experiences of animosity between Thatcher and the queen grew, the connection between Prince Charles and Princess Diana grew strained, offering loads of fodder for tabloids. Help for the royal household additionally dipped, with an increasing number of Britons questioning whether or not it was an out of date establishment.
In 1992, which Queen Elizabeth dubbed her “horrible 12 months,” a sequence of setbacks befell her, together with private tribulations and divorces amongst her youngsters, a hearth at Windsor Fortress, and elevated oversight over royal funds by the federal government.
By the tip of the 12 months, Prince Charles and Princess Diana had separated, however public scrutiny of their relationship solely intensified. Revelations of affairs on each side emerged, and in 1996, they divorced. The next summer season, August 1997, Diana died after a Paris automotive crash along with her boyfriend, Egyptian billionaire scion Dodi Fayed.
What adopted was a disaster for the royal household because it and the British authorities struggled to discover a solution to cope with the demise of a preferred determine who held a completely new place within the historical past of the royal household — the estranged former partner of the inheritor obvious. Queen Elizabeth’s preliminary response was extensively seen as chilly and insensitive, however she managed to assuage public anger with an unprecedented stay tv handle about her former daughter-in-law.
twenty first Century Queen
Having fun with revived reputation, the queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, the fiftieth anniversary of her reign, in 2002. In 2007, she turned the nation’s longest-serving monarch, surpassing Queen Victoria.
Beginning in 2013, growing well being points meant she may now not attend many official occasions, together with as head of the Commonwealth, and in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, she moved to Windsor Fortress and restricted her contact with folks to guard her well being. On April 9, 2021, Prince Philip died, and the queen sat alone at his funeral service due to COVID precautions
Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee formally began in February 2022, however she examined constructive for the coronavirus later that month and was compelled to isolate. She recovered however started making even fewer public appearances since.
Marriages of William and Harry
Additional turning a world highlight on the British monarchy, Queen Elizabeth II’s grandsons Prince William and Prince Harry stepped outdoors of custom when selecting their brides. In April 2011, Prince William, the elder son of Charles and Diana, married Catherine Middleton, who was a commoner. Regardless of her less-pedigreed household historical past, nonetheless, Kate, now the duchess of Cambridge, did come from wealth. Her dad and mom had been self-made millionaire enterprise house owners.
William’s youthful brother, Prince Harry, went a step additional in breaking the mildew. In Might 2018, he married American actress Meghan Markle, who starred within the authorized drama sequence “Fits.” Meghan, now duchess of Sussex, was additionally beforehand divorced and half Black, each being uncommon within the royal household.
In 2020, Meghan and Harry spurred controversy by stepping down as working members of the royal household and transferring again to America. The next 12 months, Meghan gave a bombshell interview to Oprah Winfrey wherein she mentioned she felt mistreated and subjected to racism by the royal household.
Waning Well being and Loss of life
Regardless of Markle’s claims, public help for the British monarchy remained robust. Prince William spoke out in protection of his household, and asserted that its members had been “very a lot not racist.” Queen Elizabeth II remained an enduringly common determine.
In early September of 2022, it was introduced that the queen was beneath medical supervision at Balmoral Fortress, and that her youngsters and Prince William, Prince Harry and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (Prince Charles’ second spouse) had traveled to Scotland to be along with her. Queen Elizabeth II died on Sept. 8, 2022, in Balmoral Fortress. Upon her demise, King Charles III ascended to the throne.
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