Home History Moorefield, West Virginia: Confederate Bastion in the Union State

Moorefield, West Virginia: Confederate Bastion in the Union State

by Enochadmin

Returning to the Shenandoah Valley after collaborating in Lt. Gen. Jubal Early’s raid on Washington, D.C., and the burning of Chambersburg, Pa., each in July 1864, Accomplice cavalry below Brig. Gen. John McCausland and Brig. Gen. Bradley T. Johnson bivouacked within the fields of Moorefield, W.Va. On August 7, Union Brig. Gen. William Averell and his males shocked the Confederates and pushed them again towards the South Department of the Potomac River. The third West Virginia Cavalry charged thrice throughout the river and actually made the Confederates run for the hills surrounding the world. Averell captured 4 cannons, greater than 400 males, and tons of of hard-to-replace horses. “[T]his affair,” Early claimed, “had a really damaging impact upon my cavalry for the remainder of the [Shenandoah Valley] marketing campaign.”

Though largely Southern in sympathy, Moorefield housed whichever troops have been in native management through the Civil Conflict. The Accomplice McNeill’s Rangers additionally operated within the space. As we speak, historic properties, retailers, and eateries line Moorefield’s quaint Primary Avenue, which boasts a handful of Civil Conflict Trails indicators inside blocks of one another. A strolling tour of the world contains not solely Civil Conflict–associated websites, however a number of dwellings that date again to the city’s 18th-century inception, together with the 1786 Higgins Home, owned by Revolutionary Conflict Captain Robert Higgins of the eighth Virginia.

Guests to the world can even take a brief drive to close by Petersburg, W.Va., which homes the well-preserved filth earthworks of Fort Mulligan, constructed through the latter half of 1863 to guard the South Department Valley from Accomplice forces. A cease atop the bluff the place Maple Hill Cemetery rests gives some spectacular views of the mountains that not solely envelop however adorn the tranquil valleys right here as we speak that, throughout America’s biggest battle, have been stuffed with the cacophony of musket and cannon hearth.


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Moorefield, WV battle website
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

Run for the Hills
596 Harness Street

Brig. Gen. John McCausland’s troopers camped on this discipline whereas in Moorefield. On August 7, 1864, Brig. Gen. Bradley T. Johnson’s males forded the river and tried to type a protection right here with McCausland’s cavalry, however they have been outflanked and outgunned. Brig. Gen. William Averell’s troopers chased the retreating Confederates into the encircling hills.

Presbyterian Chruch, Moorefield, WV
Presbyterian Chruch, Moorefield, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

Presbyterian Church
109 S. Primary Avenue

The chief of this church, the Rev. William Wilson, and his congregation have been sturdy Accomplice sympathizers. Wilson left city in 1862 to turn out to be a chaplain within the Accomplice Military. Throughout the warfare, either side used the church as a hospital. Union troopers stabled their horses inside and burned pews as firewood.

McMechen House, Moorefield, WV
McMechen Home, Moorefield, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

McMechen Home
109 N. Primary Avenue

Accomplice sympathizer Samuel McMechen owned this 1853 dwelling and its connected retailer on Primary Avenue. McMechen entertained Accomplice officers right here after they managed Moorefield. When Union forces occupied the city, McMechen left. Maj. Gen. John Frémont briefly made his headquarters right here in Might 1862, and Accomplice Brig. Gen. John McCausland was asleep in an upstairs bed room right here when William Averell’s males shocked McCausland’s cavalry brigade camped within the fields round Moorefield.

Mullin Hotel, Moorefield, WV
Mullin Lodge, Moorefield, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

Mullin Lodge
104 S. Primary Avenue

In-built 1847, the Mullin Lodge was as soon as referred to as the Moorefield Lodge Co., and the stockholders included Charles Carter Lee, eldest brother of Robert E. Lee. After the Civil Conflict, it was operated by Captain C.B. Mullin who made it into a preferred hostelry recognized for its meals. Throughout Captain Mullin’s tenure within the 1860s and 1870s, previous resort registers point out that many males of distinction have been visitors. The 22-room resort homes the 1847 Mullin Restaurant in addition to the historic society museum.

Cemetery Hill, Moorefield, WV
Cemetery Hill, Moorefield, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

Cemetery Hill
192 Olivet Drive

Preventing erupted among the many tombstones on September 10, 1863, when Accomplice troopers shocked Union troops camped right here. The Union place was quickly overrun. The Confederates captured 160 troopers, 9 wagons, 46 horses, weapons, and ammunition.

Fort Mulligan, Petersburg, WV
Fort Mulligan, Petersburg, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

Fort Mulligan 
100 Mulligan Drive, Petersburg

Constructed in 1863 below the command of Union Colonel James Mulligan, Fort Mulligan was constructed to guard strategically situated Petersburg. The fort helped defend the vital street community, stop Accomplice raids on the B&O Railroad and supported U.S. efforts within the new state of West Virginia. On January 31, 1864, Jubal Early’s males shelled the fort earlier than discovering that it had been evacuated. As we speak the 5.5-acre park gives interpretive indicators, replica cannons, and beautiful vistas of the South Department of the Potomac River.

Grove Cafe and Bakery, Petersburg, WV
Grove Cafe and Bakery, Petersburg, WV
(Picture by Melissa A. Winn)

The Grove Cafe & Bakery
26 Virginia Avenue, Petersburg

Dr. Thomas Grove constructed a residence right here in 1854 and shortly after constructed this small cottage for use as his workplace and caretaker’s quarters. His property was used as a hospital through the Civil Conflict, though he maintained strict neutrality. As we speak it serves up tasty treats, teas, coffees, and a West Virginia favourite: The Pepperoni Roll!

This text first appeared in America’s Civil Conflict journal

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